Law is the set of rules enforceable by social institutions. It is a discipline that shapes politics, economics, history, and society. It also serves as the medium of legal transactions between individuals.
The practice of law is typically overseen by the government. Laws are made through legislation, executive decrees, and judicial decisions. The Supreme Court, the Federal District Court, and other federal and state courts are the main judicial bodies.
Legal systems are divided into civil and common law. Generally, a civil law system is shorter and less complex than a common law system. However, both types of systems are used interchangeably.
A common law legal system is based on the doctrine of precedent, which means that previous judicial decisions are binding. In other words, a decision by a higher court binds lower courts to follow that decision. The authority of a specific case in a common law system is determined by the age of the decision.
Unlike the common law, a civil law system does not explicitly acknowledge the decision of courts as “law”. Instead, courts only decide a single case.
A lawyer is a person trained in law and who has passed the bar exam. He or she is commonly referred to as an attorney or Esquire.
There are many different academic degrees in law. They include a bachelor’s degree, a master’s degree, a professional degree, and a Doctor of Laws (J.D.).
The legal profession is an important part of people’s access to justice. It provides advice and representation to clients in court. It can be a useful career option for those who are interested in a particular area of law.