The Basics of Law


Law is a set of rules imposed by a society and enforced through its government. The laws govern everything from how people should behave to what kind of vehicle you can drive on the road. In most places, breaking the laws is punishable with jail time or a fine. The law also determines what crimes are punished and how they are prosecuted.

The governing structure of the law varies widely from place to place, but the main function is to serve social needs. Some of the most important legal theories discuss how the law is created and enforced. For example, Jeremy Bentham’s theory of law suggests that the laws are a collection of “ought” propositions prescribing what is right and wrong.

Another important concept in the law is the idea that it serves to harmonize conflicting groups. Dean Roscoe Pound’s theory of law states that the law is a tool used to balance social wants and needs.

The law is a diverse field that covers many different areas of life. Some of the more common branches are contract law, tort law, property law, and criminal law. In addition, there are many other smaller specialized fields such as aviation law, constitutional law, administrative law, medical jurisprudence, and maritime law. The law is also very influenced by the cultural environment that surrounds it. The laws of a country vary greatly from place to place and are based on a variety of factors including the political structures of the nation-states (or countries) and the traditions of those societies.