Law is a body of rules that regulate the conduct of people in a particular society. These rules are enacted by a controlling authority, such as a government. A lawyer, as its name suggests, specializes in the area of law, but there are many other types of lawyers. For example, a criminal defense attorney may practice a certain kind of law.
Law can cover several topics, including social restrictions, crime and punishment, and police. It can also focus on legal issues surrounding war. In addition, it can examine legal philosophy. A variety of legal systems are examined in articles on law, including Chinese, English, French, and Egyptian. Other types of law include comparative law, which explores the relationship of law to social science. Finally, there is evidence law, which relates to the admissibility of materials and witnesses in courts.
Although there are many forms of law, many scholars are divided on what it encompasses. Civil rights and civil liberties law, for example, are different from criminal law. Criminal law focuses on criminal behavior, while immigration law concerns immigration law and the rights of foreign nationals in the nation-state. In addition, nationality law addresses the problem of stateless individuals. Meanwhile, family law refers to issues surrounding marriage and divorce proceedings. Other fields of law include rights to property and money, and transactional law deals with the business and financial aspects of law.
Moreover, religious law is often explicitly based on religious precepts. In the Jewish tradition, Halakha and Islamic Sharia are examples of this kind of law. The Christian tradition also has canon law, which still exists in some churches. Using religion as law often implies the sanctity of God’s word, but it requires human interpretation to create detailed legal systems. In Islamic countries, some religious laws can be found in the Quran, while other sources are derived from analogy, interpretation, and consensus.