Law is the system of rules that governs human activities and relationships. Its most important functions include keeping the peace, maintaining the status quo, preserving individual rights, protecting minorities from majorities, promoting social justice, and providing for orderly social change.
The term “law” can refer to an absolute rule, a scientific rule, or a set of rules for good behavior based on moral or religious considerations. It can also be used to describe a legal system or the people who work in it, such as lawyers and judges.
Those who practice law are called lawyers, judges, or attorneys. Lawyers are distinguished from other professionals by their special qualifications (a bachelor of law, a bachelor of civil law, or a juris doctor).
Professionalism in the legal profession is maintained through a variety of regulatory and statutory procedures. Lawyers must be licensed by law to practice in a specific jurisdiction or country and are required to maintain their professionalism by abide by specific ethical standards.
Attorneys and judges are responsible for ensuring that all aspects of the law are respected, including the rights and obligations of people, corporations, and government entities. These professionals are usually supervised by an administrative body that oversees their work, such as a bar association or bar council.
Law involves a wide range of issues, from contracts and property to financial regulation and taxation. It has a large impact on the lives of people around the world, and is regulated by numerous government bodies.